What Equipment Do You Need for a Bug-Out Bag in the Woods?
Few of us have had to flee our homes in the middle of the night and trek into the wilderness because of an attacking army, a natural disaster, or social upheaval.
However, no one is immune to catastrophic occurrences – we’ve just been fortunate enough to live in a time when the world has been relatively safe. What would you take with you if you had to flee your house on short notice?
If you don’t have a bug-out bag, the simplest approach to pack for an extended time away from home is to grab a gym bag, fill it with whatever clothing and toiletries you need, then go.
You would instruct your family to follow your example. How long could you live on a few t-shirts, toothpaste, and a couple of nutrition bars after you departed the house? Where would you sleep?
You’ll notice that when you think about it, more things come to mind. What would you drink? What would you eat? How would you keep yourself warm? How would you find out about the events that drove you to flee your home in the first place?
This is a highly frightening prospect. What are your options? Preparing a wilderness “bug out bag” (This is a one-person bag that has been equipped with survival gear that you may grab and go when the situation demands it.) would be a pretty good start.
Begin with a Waterproof Bug Out Bag that Can Take the Heat
Where do you obtain a bug-out bag, and what distinguishes one from another? A quick Google search for “bug out bag” provides several inexpensive selections ranging in price from $35 to $900.
How do you know which bug out bag outperforms another and is best for the woods or an urban bug out bag? Let’s start with the bag itself. The bag must be robust, long-lasting, and waterproof.
It makes little sense to have a bag that will rip the first time it gets caught on a tree limb. If you’re not sure your bag is waterproof, examine the label.
Comfort is essential. It would help if you had a bag for each family member that is suited to their size. You wouldn’t want your ten-year-old daughter to carry the same sized bag as yours.
If you have to carry around a bag of your goods for days on end, the last thing you want is a bag that sits unpleasantly on your shoulders. Forty pounds can quickly feel like 80 pounds with an inadequately sized or built bag.
When bugging out, the last thing you want is a cheap, low-quality bag. The zipper on my previous backpack used to catch all the time, and the straps would break easily. In an attempt to appear as inconspicuous as possible, I’ve always preferred a dark color like black or dark green for this reason.
Water Purification Capabilities
A bug-out bag is a survival kit. Consider that for a moment. The bag aims to allow you to breathe in the event of an emergency that may endanger your life. In other words, the bug-out bag isn’t meant to be packed with family photographs, your favorite t-shirt from high school.
The contents of this bag are all about keeping you safe. Water is the first thing to consider. In a matter of days, the lack of clean water in the wild may endanger your survival.
It would help if you had a clear head and a sturdy physique to survive the situation you’ve gotten yourself into. Neither is feasible if you’re dehydrated. Water, of course, is heavy.
How much water do you require? The usual estimate is one gallon per person per day—one-half gallon for drinking and the other half gallon for cooking and sanitation. Historically, to replace the liquid lost through urination, sweating, and exhaling, you’ll need at least one liter each day.
Let’s say you’re a family of five, and let’s assume that you want to make sure you have enough water for a week. That’s 35 gallons of water per person each day at one gallon each.
The volume of water in a gallon is 8.3 pounds, so 35 gallons weigh 290.5 pounds. This isn’t practical to lug when you’re fleeing your house at two in the morning and heading for the woods.
As a result, your bug-out bag must include the equipment necessary to clean water found in creeks, ponds, lakes, or even puddles. Don’t be fooled by the beauty of water in the wild.
Non-treated water is rife with tiny germs that might induce illness, diarrheal Disease, or stomach aches. A solution to the problem of purifying drinking water must be included in your bug-out bag.
You may either boil water or use a chemical thermometer to measure the temperature inside your home’s water pipes. The problem with this method is that it takes time and effort to establish and maintain a fire, which puts you at risk, depending on what you’re fleeing from.
Filtration and purification tabs are the choices. Filters are often available in one of two forms: a straw or a squeezable filter. The ease of use of a straw filter is its major advantage.
The disadvantages of this method are that it has a shorter lifespan than the squeezable filter and is expensive. Another possible alternative is to use purification tablets, which typically contain chlorine dioxide.
If you can purify water, you will be hydrated. This is an excellent first step toward ensuring your survival.
Ready-to-eat, Simple to Prepare, and the Ability to Obtain Food
Your next wilderness bug-out-bag objective will be to ensure you have enough food. The good news is that the human body can go for weeks without food if necessary. Although it is unethical to test humans to see how long they can live without food, most experts believe that a well-hydrated person may survive for more than two weeks.
This is based on the testimonies of hunger strikers. On the other hand, hunger strike participants are rarely traveling in the wild when facing existential peril.
As a result, you’ll need to eat to keep your energy levels up and your mental acuity sharp. You have three alternatives: readymade meals, simple-to-make meals, and foraging your own food from the forest.
In all probability, your bug-out journey will not last weeks or months; rather, it will likely be measured in days. As a result, the goal of your escape is to keep walking as long as possible to reach point B (safety) from A (risk).
As a result, it is advised to add readymade food to your bug-out bag in order to save time. There are some good alternatives available in the prepared food market.
Freeze-dried or dehydrated pouches are a great addition to your bug-out bag. However, some individuals have experienced stomach problems after ingesting them. It’s best to try a pouch or two while sitting at home before packing your bug-out bag.
If you have stomach issues, you’ll want to know so that you can try a different brand or type. Another alternative is the Military MREs and Cliff Bars. They won’t win any culinary accolades, but they are calorie-dense, physically small, and easy to pack.
Finally, you may always fill your bug-out bag with goods that are readily available in your home, like peanut butter and canned meats. If you want to prepare food, make sure your bug-out bag has calorically dense, compatible, and simple to prepare.
Pasta, rice, and ramen noodles are the best choices for these criteria. Keep in mind that this choice will necessitate bringing something to cook the meal in. A pot or pan should be included in your bug-out bag.
The more you can stuff into it, the better! You don’t lose space in your bag because you can fill it with other goods. Most bug-out packs include enough ready-to-eat or easy-to-cook food to feed three people for three days.
As a result, you’ll want to make sure your bug-out bag holder has at least ten meals per person. The more of them, the better, but ten is the minimum amount in your bug-out bag. If your journey goes longer than your food supply, you’ll have to forage for yourself.
You must all be aware of how to hunt and gather food. You should make sure that your bug-out bag has fishing equipment, a paracord, and a handgun or knife. Fishing is typically your best bet for obtaining food if you have access to a pond or a lake.
Not only must you be an excellent marksman, but you must have the stomach to dress, prepare, and eat little animals such as squirrels and rabbits if you are forced to hunt.
Depending on the season in colder regions, gathering berries and plants may seem like a good idea because of their simplicity and abundance. However, unless you’re a survivalist pro, the chances of knowing which berries are safe to eat and which are harmful are slim.
You don’t want to research and experiment to find out. Consider packing a little book that classifies berries and plants in your area for edibility and nutritional value if you think you couldn’t bring yourself to fish or hunt.
Tools for Wood and Fire Building and Cooking Gear
While boiling water may be used for drinking and cooking, you’ll also need a fire to keep you warm. To create a flame, you’ll need something to burn, and for that reason, matches are essential in an emergency. You should include equipment in your bug-out bag to allow you to start a fire.
Keep it basic for the flame – lighters and matches are good to start. However, they may not work well in bad weather (though you can buy stormproof matches), so have a Ferro rod striker on hand.
The Ferro rod is difficult to use, yet it has a long life span. Furthermore, you may include a solar-powered spark lighter in your bug-out bag if you have one.
You’ll be surrounded by fuel in the form of sticks and logs as well. However, achieving these sources to catch fire might burn through a significant number of matches and petrol in your lighter.
As a result, you’ll need some tinder. Cotton balls soaked in Vaseline make excellent tinder, as long as you remember the old survivalist trick. Alternatively, a tinder cloth, dryer lint, or waterproof fire sticks can all be used.
You’ll want to bring some cooking equipment with you if you decide to use fire. While a stainless steel pot or pan can be used, if you’re not on foot, and instead of using a 4WD or other vehicles, you might be able to take something more powerful, such as cast iron pots.
You’ll want to pack a spoon, a spatula, and other cooking utensils as well. Remember to bring a camping mess ware kit with a plate, cup, and silverware for everyone to use when it’s time to eat.
If you’re counting on a fire to cook your food, keep in mind that after about an hour, the flames of a typical campfire will have destroyed your food. You may also want to consider purchasing a foldable solar cooker if you can’t utilize a fire. These are available in many sizes, or you may learn how to construct.
Extreme Heat or Cold: What Shelter Options Are Available?
Keeping yourself dry and comfortable and being able to survive in the elements is critical. Extreme temperatures can be deadly, so you must have a strategy for sheltering and sleeping if you will endure them.
When packing your bug-out bag with survival supplies, consider that warmth, weather protection, and comfort should be priorities. Bedding and shelter supplies, on the other hand, tend to take up a lot of room when packing a bug-out bag.
It’s critical to be wise when selecting bedding shelter goods. In terms of warmth, search for a blanket or sleeping bag that breathes and retains heat but not moisture. However, most of those available will only keep you alive down to a temperature of around 40-50 degrees Fahrenheit.
As a result, it’s recommended that you use Mylar blankets (also known as emergency or survival blankets) to supplement your main blanket or sleeping bag. These disposal blankets are extremely thin, but they help retain 90 percent of your body heat in harsh weather, preventing hypothermia and frostbite.
They keep you from suffering heatstroke in scorching situations as well. Last but not least, bring a wool blanket with you. It can serve as a bottom layer of bedding, an additional layer of warmth, a makeshift tent, or a cape or poncho made out of it.
Because of their bulk, many survivalists don’t advocate including a tent in your bug-out bag. However, if you’re using a car or can attach it and carry it with MOLLE, you may do so.
Communication and First-Aid Supplies
Although you may desire that your problems do not worsen as a result of an accident, hope is not a strategy. Include a first-aid kit in your bug-out bag so that you can deal with insect or animal bites, cuts, burns, wounds, or sicknesses if needed.
There are many ready-to-use kits on the market, but you should be sure that your gear has everything you’ll need to prevent or cure the most common problems and issues you may encounter.
Supplying your kits with OTC pain relievers, antihistamines in the event of an allergic reaction, and Pepto Bismal to combat diarrhea caused by drinking polluted water or a negative reaction to your modified diet is another way to help.
To prepare for potential burns or lacerations, keep bandages of various sizes, disinfectants like rubbing alcohol, cotton swabs, adhesive tape, gauze rolls for wounds, ace band. Don’t forget to include any medicines you’re taking. It’s not the time for a preventative medical emergency or unpleasant withdrawal symptoms during your bug-out adventure.
Remember that first-aid supplies should always be kept on hand, especially for long excursions outside or in remote areas. Small tools that may be required to support your first-aid efforts should also be included – such as scissors, a magnifying glass, splinters, tweezers, splints, headlamps, thermometers, and
Finally, you should make sure your bug-out bag has the items necessary to allow you to communicate with the outside world or at least obtain information while traveling to a safe location.
A solar-powered charger will allow you to use your phone throughout your journey. There is no assurance that you will have cell phone service, even if your phone is completely charged.
As a result, having an emergency hand crank radio may be useful for receiving weather and news updates. Consider including a HAM radio in your survival kit if you truly want to be prepared.
Unlike a regular radio, a HAM radio receives and transmits on virtually every frequency available, including CB (Citizens’ Band) and VHF frequencies that may be useful when communicating with others evacuating in the region.
The best approach to determine how much food and water you’ll need is to start with your anticipated family size and adjust the numbers as required. This method isn’t comprehensive. You must consider your home’s location, which will influence the variables most likely to affect you in a forced evacuation, and what situations, climates, and terrains you should plan for
Although no one may anticipate every possibility, a well-prepared wilderness bug-out bag can assist you considerably in terms of survival if the worst-case scenario occurs and you are forced to leave your house without enough time to prepare.